Indian Arrowhead

A Quick Guide & Information about Indian Arrowhead

Information about Indian Arrowhead

Geographic location means a lot in terms of the type of stone used to make an arrowhead. This article explains about Indian Arrowhead that can give you an understanding of Indian arrowhead n developing arrowhead.

On the East coast, arrowheads are made up of felsite. Whereas, in southwest countries, quartzite is the most commonly used in making arrowheads.

In Northwest countries, they are abundant in obsidian stone. A volcanic type of stone made up of cooled magma. Since they have easy access to these materials, this becomes their raw material in making razor head and arrow tip.

Indian Arrowhead – Stone Type Use

The Native Indians have used common stones such as agate, chert, chalcedony, jasper, obsidian, hardwood, quartzite, and many more. They did flint knapping to mold and reduced these stone types into weapons. They have also used pressure flaking to shape each rock into a defined structure. This way, they could form an arrowhead and other tools to survive each day.

Types of Arrowhead

In the early archaic age, some of the types of arrow tips produced were the bifurcated and notched arrowheads. Bifurcated arrow tip like the Adams country has a triangular dual fork structure. The blade may vary, ranging from straight to excavate. It is commonly known for its circular base lobes, whereas the notched arrowhead, such as the Nanticoke where it is made up mainly of straight structure with a straight blade. It can be either serrated or notched. The base is also straight with random flakes.

In the late Paleo-Indian times, unfluted and fluted Dalton arrowheads were made. When we say fluted, the arrowhead acquires a vertical groove at the center while the unfluted one does not. This has marked the change of utilization as this type of arrow tip starts to exhibit hafted scrappers. The plane can be either elliptical or flattened. It has a constricted handling area and is composed of a concave base with a serrated blade. The flakes that are made at the base can show a fluted pattern. However, overall flakes can be random, parallel, and oblique.

In the middle of the Paleo-Indian era, Simpson, Cumberland, and Suwannee arrow tips were made. Simpson is made up of auriculate and lanceolate blade shape. It has prominent recurved sides with a concave base. Simpson has a slimmer hafting area than Suwannee. All the characteristic of Suwannee is almost similar to Simpson only that it does not possess a narrow waist. Based on the evidence, this is thought to be used later than the Simpson. 

However, when compared to the first two describe points, Cumberland has a vertical design or most commonly known as a fluting technique. It is commonly found in the Cumberland basin but can also be found in trace amounts in the Mississippi River, Great Lakes, Maine, Ohio River, and many more regions. The blade has a recurvate shape towards outward direction. It has a concave base form out by short flakes.

In the early Paleo-Indian era, at about 11,500 BP, Clovis is the most commonly produced arrowhead. Clovis arrowhead range from medium to large arrow tip, which has an auriculate edge. The base has a fishtailed structure.